Measures of political attitudes / Robinson JP, Shaver PR, Wrightsman LS.
New York: Academic Press, 1999.

Ref Desk JA 74.5 .M44 1999


Cultural cosmopolitan scale (1997)
Robinson JP; Zill N
pp. 16-19

Local cosmopolitan scale (1963)
Dye TR
pp. 19-21

Cosmopolitanism scale (1965)
Jennings MK
pp. 21-23

Social responsibility scale (1965)
Berkowitz L; Lutterman K
pp. 23-25

Citizen duty scale (1954)
Campbell A; Gurin G; Miller WE
pp. 25-27

Sociotropic and pocketbook items (Sociotropic evaluations) (1992)
MacKuen MB; Erikson RS; Stimson JA
pp. 27-29

Diffuse support for the Supreme Court (1992)
Cladeira GA; Gibson JL
pp. 29-31

Distribution of power scale (Beliefs about the distribution of power) (1969)
Form WH; Rytina J
pp. 31-33

New ecological consciousness (1997)
Ellis RJ; Thompson F
pp. 33-34

Social attitudes statement scale (and Referent scale) [SA II & REF IX] (1984)
Kerlinger FN
pp. 83-89

Polarity scale (1964, 1997)
Tomkins SS; Stone WF; Schaffner PE
pp. 90-98

R Factor attitude statements (Inventory of social attitudes, Public opinion inventory) (1951)
Eysenck HJ
pp. 98-101

Right wing authoritarianism [RWA] (1988, 1990, 1996)
Altemeyer B
pp. 102-106

Wilson Patterson attitude inventory conservatism scale [WPAI] (1989)
Wilson GD; Patterson JR
pp. 106-111

S Swedish conservatism scale (Conservatism scale) (1976, 1989, 1991)
Sidanius J; Nilsson I; Ekehammar B
pp. 111-115

Conservatism of American public opinion (Scale to measure conservatism of American public opinion) (1983)
Ray JJ
pp. 115-118

Classical conservatism scale (Conservatism scale, Conservatism liberalism scale) (1958, 1979)
McClosky H; Bann CA
pp. 118-123

Ideological agreement with Goldwater scale (1966)
Selznick G; Steinberg S
pp. 124-125

New left ideology scale (New left scale) (1976)
Gold AR; Christie R; Friedman LN
pp. 126-133

Radicalism conservatism scale (1965)
Comrey AL; Newmeyer JA
pp. 133-138

Moral traditionalism scale (1985)
Conover PJ; Feldman S
pp. 138-139

Moral conservatism scale (1988)
Wald KD; Owen DE; Hill SS
pp. 140-141

Moral conservatism index (1988)
Woodrum E
pp. 141-143

Egalitarianism scale (NES, American National Elections Studies) (1988)
Feldman S
pp. 167-169

Egalitarianism and inegalitarianism scales (1986)
Kluegel JR; Smith ER
pp. 169-171

Protestant ethic scale (1971)
Mirels H; Garrett J
pp. 171-173

Individualism scales (NES, American National Elections Studies) (1990)
Markus G
pp. 174-176

Capitalist values scale (1984, 1983)
McClosky H; Zaller J; Chong D
pp. 176-179

Explanations for poverty scales (1975, 1986)
Feagin JR; Kluegel JR; Smith ER
pp. 179-181

Humanitarianism scale (American National Elections Studies, NES) (1995)
Steenbergen M
pp. 181-183

Government role and inequality (General Social Survey items on Government role and inequality) (1973)
General Social Survey
pp. 184-200

Fundamental principles of democracy (1960)
Prothro JW; Grigg CM
pp. 229-232

Democratic principles and applications (1964)
McClosky H
pp. 232-235

Support for democratic principles (1971)
Kaase M
pp. 235-238

Democratic values scale (1984)
McClosky H; Zaller J
pp. 238-243

Multi dimensional scale of democratic values (1992)
Gibson JL; Duch R; Tedin K
pp. 244-249

Index of pro democracy orientation (Index of democratic values) (1994, 1995)
Reisinger W; Miller A; Hesli V; Mahler K
pp. 249-252

Attitudes toward democracy (1996)
Whitefield S; Evans G
pp. 252-254

Support towards democracy (Democracy scales) (1989, 1993, 1996)
Weil FD
pp. 254-259

Willingness to tolerate nonconformists (National Opinion Research Center General Social Survey version) (1955)
National Opinion Research Center
pp. 259-264, 285-291

Willingness to tolerate nonconformists (Stouffer version) (1955)
Stouffer SA
pp. 259-264

Repression potential (1979)
Marsh A; Kaase M
pp. 264-266

Content controlled measure of political tolerance (1982)
Sullivan JL; Pierson JE; Marcus GE
pp. 266-271

Dimensions of political tolerance (1982)
Gibson JL; Bingham RD
pp. 271-276

Omnibus civil liberties scale (1983)
McClosky H; Brill A
pp. 276-283

Political tolerance scale (1994)
Duckitt J; Farre B
pp. 284-285

General Social Survey tolerance items (1972)
pp. 285-291

Multifactor racial attitudes inventory [MRAI] (1967)
Woodmansee JJ; Cook SW
pp. 312-322

Multifactor racial attitudes inventory short scale [MRAI SS] (1977)
Ard N; Cook SW
pp. 322-326

Racial attitudes scale [RAS] (1991)
Sidanius J; Pratto F; Martin M; Stallworth LM
pp. 327-330

Attitudes toward Blacks [ATB] (1993)
Brigham JC
pp. 330-332

Attitudes toward Whites [ATW] (1993)
Brigham JC
pp. 333-335

Social distance scale (1928, 1933, 1959)
Bogardus ES
pp. 335-339

Social scale (Social distance scale variation 1) (1988)
Byrnes D; Kiger G
pp. 340-341

Social distance questionnaire (Social distance scale variation 2) (1991)
Crandall CS
pp. 341-343

Expressive racism scale (1981)
Kinder DR; Sears DO
pp. 344-351

Modern racism scale [MRS] (1981)
McConahay JB; Hardee BB; Batts V
pp. 344-351

New racism scale [NRS] (1985)
Jacobson C
pp. 351-354

Pro Black anti Black attitudes questionnaire [PAAQ] (1988)
Katz I; Hass RG
pp. 354-358

Social scenarios scale (1988)
Byrnes D; Kiger G
pp. 358-363

Quick discrimination index [QDI] (1995)
Ponterotto JG; Burkard A; Rieger BP; et al
pp. 363-366

Racial resentment scale [RRS] (1996)
Kinder DR; Sanders LM
pp. 367-370

British prejudice scale (1997)
Lepore L; Brown R
pp. 370-373

Subtle and blatant prejudice scale British version, West Indian out group (1995)
Pettigrew TF; Meertens RW
pp. 373-377

Prejudice index (1993)
Bobo L; Kluegel J
pp. 377-380

Racial stereotypes measure (1997)
Peffley M; Hurwitz J; Sniderman P
pp. 380-383

Social dominance orientation [SDO] (1993, 1994)
Sidanius J; Pratto F; Stallworth LM; Malle BF
pp. 383-388

Universal orientation scale [UOS] (1997)
Phillips ST; Ziller RC
pp. 388-391

Individual racial attitudes (American National Elections Studies) (1995)
Center for Political Studies; Rosenstone SJ; Kinder DR; Miller WE
pp. 391-395

Individual racial attitude (General Social Survey) (1990, 1994)
National Opinion Research Center; Davis JA; Smith TW
pp. 395-398

Race and politics survey (Individual racial attitudes) (1993)
Sniderman PM; Piazza T
pp. 399-400

Political efficacy scale (ANES mnemonics, scale, American National Elections Studies) (1954)
Campbell A; Gurin G; Miller WE
pp. 424-427

Political efficacy scale (1995)
Verba S; Schlozman K; Brady H
pp. 427-429

Political alienation scale (1960)
Thompson WE; Horton JE
pp. 429-431

Political alienation scale (1962)
McDill EL; Ridley JC
pp. 431-432

Political alienation scale (1982)
Malik YK
pp. 433-434

Political alienation scale (General Social Survey) (1996)
Davis JA; Smith TW
pp. 434-436

Local government alienation scale (1983)
Zimmer TA
pp. 436-438

Specific local government alienation scale (1983)
Zimmer TA
pp. 436-438

Estrangement from local polity scale (1973)
Schwartz DC
pp. 438-442

Estrangement from municipal government scale (1973)
Schwartz DC
pp. 438-442

Estrangement from national polity scale I (1973)
Schwartz DC
pp. 438-442

Estrangement from national polity scale II (1973)
Schwartz DC
pp. 438-442

Estrangement from national polity scale III (1973)
Schwartz DC
pp. 438-442

Estrangement from state polity scale (1973)
Schwartz DC
pp. 438-442

Political estrangement scales (1973)
Schwartz DC
pp. 438-442

Political Srole scale (1973)
Schwartz DC
pp. 438-442

Discontent scale (1969)
Olsen ME
pp. 442-445

Political incapability scale (1969)
Olsen ME
pp. 442-445

Efficacy powerlessness scale (1973)
Watts MW
pp. 445-447

Process commitment scale (1973)
Watts MW
pp. 445-447

Political estrangement scale (1975)
Ross MH
pp. 447-450

Political powerlessness scale (1975)
Ross MH
pp. 447-450

Political normlessness scale (1970)
Finifter AW
pp. 450-454

Political powerlessness scale (1970)
Finifter AW
pp. 450-454

Political normlessness scale (1978)
Schoultz L
pp. 454-456

Political support alienation scale (1982)
Muller EN; Jukam TO; Seligson MA
pp. 456-459

Political support index (1991)
Miller AH
pp. 459-461;521-523

American National Elections Studies Trust in government scale (ANES) (1974)
Miller AH; American National Elections Studies
pp. 481-483

Political trust scale (1974)
Mason WM; House JS; Martin SS
pp. 484-486

System evaluation scale (1985)
Mason WM; House JS; Martin SS
pp. 484-486

Trust in government scale (1977)
Muller EN; Jukam TO
pp. 486-488

Trust in the incumbent Congress and the Presidency items (1981)
Abramson PR; Finifter AW
pp. 488-490

Trust in member of Congress scale (1989)
Parker GR; Parker SL
pp. 490-492

Trust in local government scale (1985)
Baldassare M
pp. 493-494

Incumbent based trust scale (1990)
Craig SC; Niemi RG; Silver GE
pp. 494-496

Governmental attentiveness scale (1984)
Bennett SE
pp. 496-498

Confidence in governmental and other institutions scale (1981)
Smith TW; General Social Survey/National Opinion Research Center; Harris
pp. 499-501

Political cynicism scale (1961)
Agger RE; Goldman MN; Pearl S
pp. 501-503

Political cynicism scale (1975)
Citrin J; Elkins DJ
pp. 503-505

Political cynicism scale (1979)
Baloyra EA
pp. 505-507

Political cynicism (1981)
Sniderman PM
pp. 507-509

Regime based trust scale (1990)
Craig SC; Niemi RG; Silver Ge
pp. 509-510

Political allegiance index (1975)
Citrin J; McClosky H; Shanks JM; Sniderman PM
pp. 511-512

Political support typology (1981)
Sniderman PM
pp. 512-514

Political support scale (1977)
Muller EN; Jukam TO
pp. 514-516

Judicial legitimacy scale (1990)
Tyler T
pp. 516-518

Democratic legitimacy (1986)
McDonough P; Barnes SH; Lopez Pina A
pp. 518-520

Political criticism scale (1979)
Baloyra EA
pp. 523-525

Support for democratic institutions (1983)
Schmitt H
pp. 525-526

Support for the political community (1981)
Sniderman PM
pp. 526-527

Affective support scales (1992)
Kornberg A; Clarke HD
pp. 527-529

Government power scale (1990)
Bennett LLM; Bennett SE
pp. 529-530

Patriotism scale (American National Elections Survey patriotism scale, ANES patriotism scale) (1987)
American National Elections Survey
pp. 546-548

Patriotism nationalism questionnaire (1989)
Kosterman R; Feshbach S
pp. 548-553

Patriotism scale (1992)
Sullivan JL; Fried A; Theiss Morse E; Dietz M
pp. 553-562

Functional commitment scale (1969)
DeLamater J; Katz D; Kelma HC
pp. 563-567

National involvement scales (1969)
DeLamater J; Katz D; Kelma HC
pp. 563-567

Normative commitment scale (1969)
DeLamater J; Katz D; Kelma HC
pp. 563-567

Symbolic commitment scale (1969)
DeLamater J; Katz D; Kelma HC
pp. 563-567

National image scale (1993)
Hurwitz J; Peffley M; Seligson MA
pp. 568-570

Differential national image scale (1997)
Kurbanov E; Robinson J
pp. 570-572

Cooperative and militant internationalism scale (1990)
Wittkopf ER
pp. 572-578

Militant and cooperative internationalism scale (1990)
Holsti OR; Rosenau JN
pp. 579-581

Militarism scale (1987)
Peffley M; Hurwitz J
pp. 582-584

Attitude toward war scale (1942)
Stagner R
pp. 585-587

Political knowledge scale (1996)
Delli Carpini MX; Keeter S
pp. 610-614

Political awareness scale (1986, 1992)
Zaller J
pp. 614-619

News recall (1986, 1993)
Robinson JP; Levy MR; Price V; Zaller J
pp. 619-622

Political information scale (1986)
Iyengar S; Zaller J
pp. 622-625

Candidate like dislike responses (1980, 1989)
Kessel JH; Smith ERAN
pp. 625-628

Information holding (1987)
Luskin RC
pp. 628-632

Issue awareness index (1976)
Patterson TE; McClure RD
pp. 632-634

Information about foreign counties (1967)
Robinson JP
pp. 634-636

Party identification scale (American National Elections Survey, ANES) (1954, 1960)
Campbell A; Gurin G; Miller WE; Converse PE; Stokes DE
pp. 698-701, 684-692

Party thermometer questions (1964)
pp. 701-704

Party image scales (1966)
Matthews DR; Prothro JW
pp. 704-706

Party closeness scale (1988)
Barnes S; Jennings MK; Inglehart R; Farah B
pp. 706-708

Dennis independence scales (1988)
Dennis J
pp. 719-721


Developed from the work of Helen Hough, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX,

Used by permission.